Scientific References

During pregnancy, every day counts to reduce the risk of preterm birth.

Below please find references related to preterm birth and utilizing DHA supplementation to reduce risk.

2022 March of Dimes Report Card

Births: Final Data for 2021 CDC National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 72, No. 1, 2023

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Addition During Pregnancy - Middleton et al., Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 11, 2018

Higher Dose Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation during Pregnancy and Early Preterm Birth: A randomized, double-blind, adaptive-design superiority trial - S.E. Carlson et al., EClinicalMedicine, 2021

Early and Late Preterm Birth Rates in Participants Adherent to Randomly Assigned High Dose Docosahexaeonic Acid (DHA) Supplementation in Pregnancy - S.E. Carlson, B.J. Gajewski, C.J. Valentine et al., Clinical Nutrition 42, 2023

Utility of a 7-Question Online screener for DHA Intake - D. Christifano et al., Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 177, 2022

Validation of an Abbreviated Food Frequency Questionnaire for Estimating DHA Intake of Pregnant Women in the United States - S. Crawford et al., Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 177, 2022

Dietary Intakes of EPA and DHA Omega-3 Fatty Acids among US Childbearing-Age and Pregnant Women: An Analysis of NHANES 2001-2014 - Zhang et al., Nutrients, 2018